Antianxiety drugs aid in reducing the symptoms of anxiety and panic attack such as fear a d worry. Antianxiety drugs are mild sedatives and produce calming effects. The most commonly used antianxiety drugs are benzodiazepines, antidepressants, diazepam, alprazolam, and clonazepam. The most commonly used anti-anxiety drug is benzodiazepines that are used to treat panic disorders and social phobias are used as the second line of antidepressants. These drugs depress brain functions. These drugs like any other psychogenic drugs have many side effects. All the organ systems are affected but as these drugs most affect CNS so it is altered the most Anti-anxiety drugs depresses the higher cerebral functions. It affects the motor functions of the body which is especially harmful in old and the mentally disturbed. It is also disturbing full for the drivers. All the antianxiety drugs cause sedation. This effect is common when a dose of antianxiety drugs are increased or when they are taken with other sedative drugs like benzodiazepines, barbiturates, and alcohol.
Dependence of anti-anxiety drugs are common and once you start taking them it is most likely that you will get addicted and it will be difficult for you to get rid of them. You will do probably anything to prevent anxiety attacks. Withdrawal symptoms are also very common and include sweating, heart pounding, tachycardia, and confusions. The other side effects of antipsychotic medicines are
Nausea and vomiting, sweating, weight gain, sexual problems, diarrhea, drowsiness, restlessness, confusions, sleepiness, constipation, abnormal GIT track functions, dizziness, Nightmares, headache, and blurred vision, increased saliva, muscle or joint pain, frequent urination, a problem with coordination and amnesia, etc
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You need to inform the doctors immediately if the following symptoms appear:
Rash, swelling of lips, tongue, and face, hives, hoarseness, seizures, yellowing of the skin and eye, seizures, difficulty speaking, thoughts of suicide, depression, difficult breathing and others.
Other possible side effects can be cold hands and feet, excitement, trouble sleeping, lightheadedness, and nervousness.
Beta blockers are not generally given in patients with asthma or diabetes because they may worsen the situation.
The term anxiety means some feeling of worry, uneasiness, fear and stage fright. It is normal to some extent to experience these symptoms but if these symptoms are consistent, continues and intense than it is an indication of anxiety disorder. According to a national survey, about 37 % of people in this world suffer from anxiety disorder. The anti-anxiety disorder has the potential of causing a lot of side effects. They may resolve in a week but some can be constant. Some doctors advice to take medication with the food to decrease their side effects. Different drugs have different side effects. Nature and intensity of side effect also depend on the lifestyle of patients.
Anti-anxiety pills increase the risk of suicide especially in youngsters .people under the age of 25 may experience an increase in suicidal thoughts and behaviors with 1 month of taking antidepressants. People with anxiety disorders should work with doctors to deal with such issues. If he or she experiences any symptom he/she must immediately contact the doctor. The doctor may adjust the medication, decrease the dosage or recommend some other therapy to compensate these side effects. One must never stop taking anti-anxiety medication without doctors supervision because it may cause withdrawal symptoms.